We are offering ASTM standard industrial studs made of steel. These are special kind of bolts that do not have a head. Its two ends are fully threaded, with the middle area being of shank or un-threaded area. Some of the standard manufacturing processes of industrial steel studs are casting, forging, CNC machining, heat treatment, surface finishing, grinding, thread rolling, and coating. We only market / deliver the finest grade studs that are precise in every aspect of quality.